What is it?

Flipped classroom is an instructional approach that has students engaging with course content (reading/viewing novel material) before coming to class. Once class begins, students are involved with active learning activities related to the content instead of passively listening to a lecture.

Purpose: The goal is to shift the students’ initial contact with the material out of the classroom and allow for more class time to be dedicated to active-learning activities that engage students with the content on a deeper level. Additionally, a portion of the in-class session is often dedicated to addressing student questions/misconceptions.


When to use it?

Context & Requirements

All Levels
All disciplines
Class size
All class sizes
Classroom settings
No specific classroom setting required
Technological requirements
No specific technological requirements

Skills Promoted

  • Self-regulation
  • Metacognition

Who’s using it?

SALTISE community members who use this strategy and are willing to share advice and/or resources.

Level College
Institution Vanier College
Discipline Physics
Instructor Rhys Adams
Class size 30-40
Classroom setting Traditional Classroom
Resources used View More
Level University
Institution McGill University
Discipline Electrical and Computer Engineering
Instructor Lawrence R. Chen
Class size 30-40
Classroom setting Traditional Classroom
Resources used View More
Level College
Institution John Abbott College
Discipline Physics
Instructor Michael Dugdale
Class size 30-40
Classroom setting Traditional Classroom
Resources used View More
Level College
Institution Cégep André-Laurendeau
Discipline Organic Chemistry
Instructor Caroline Cormier
Class size 30-40
Classroom setting Traditional Classroom
Resources used View More
Level College
Institution Vanier College
Discipline Biology
Instructor Edward Awad
Class size 30-40
Classroom setting Traditional Classroom
Resources used View More

Why use it?

The main strength is that students come to class eager to have the questions they formulated during their pre-class work answered and discussed. Furthermore, they enjoy directing class discussions with these questions. The time I save employing the flipped classroom approach enables me to dedicate class time to group problem solving sessions and active-learning activities. The implementation of activities, designed to tackle student misconceptions and to allow for deeper learning, would simply not be possible without the flipped classroom approach.

(Rhys Adams, Vanier College)


As discussed in the Reflective Writing strategy, the key is getting students to buy in and see the value in doing the pre-class preparation work and associated summaries. The summaries themselves are collected and graded. However, they are not worth many marks and are not graded for correctness (just effort). Thus, students must recognize that the questions they include in their summaries play a vital role in shaping my interactive lectures and any associated activities.

(Rhys Adams, Vanier College)


Ready to try it out?

The flipped classroom approach is quite general, and can come in many implementations. Briefly:

STEP 1: Instructor designs online assignments/exercises for students to complete prior to the upcoming class using a preparatory strategy made for this purpose – (e.g. Just in time Teaching (JiTT), Reflective Writing, etc.).

STEP 2: Instructor designs and prepares for in-class activities that allow students to apply and practice the content of the pre-class assignments/exercises (i.e., concepts, procedures, strategies, etc.).

STEP 3: Students (generally as individuals) complete the assigned tasks and post answers to online system.

STEP 4: Instructor reviews the preparatory assignment, briefly if majority of students understood or more in depth if not.

STEP 5: Instructor distributes assignment.

STEP 6: Students engage in an activity that deepens their understanding of the content through practice. See examples of helpful strategies to engage students and/or activities used by others in your discipline.


Download Flowchart

Helpful resources



Tech Tools

Video Creation Tools

Video Hosting Options

Video Interaction Tools

Tablet Software - Explain Everything


Bishop, J. L. and Verleger, M. A. (2013). The flipped classroom: A survey of the research. ASEE National Conference Proceedings, Atlanta, GA.

Herreid, C. F. and Schiller, N. A. (2013). Case studies and the flipped classroom. Journal of College Science Teaching.

Nathaniel Lasry, Michael Dugdale and Elizabeth S. Charles (2014). Just in time to flip your classroom. The Physics Teacher.

Raymond, C. (2010). Do role‐playing simulations generate measurable and meaningful outcomes? A simulation’s effect on exam scores and teaching evaluations. International Studies Perspectives.

Milman, N. B. (2012). The flipped classroom strategy: What is it and how can it best be used?. Distance Learning.


Flipping your class: Roles and expectations from Faculty Innovation Center, University of Texas at Austin. UT instructors (Dr. Jen Ebbler, Dr. Sacha Kopp, and Dr. Penne Restad) share how they adapted to the new roles they play within the classroom and helped students  adjust to their new roles within the flipped class. Interested in learning more click HERE.


Watch Video